Carlos Cruz-Diez

Caracas, Venezuela 1923 - Paris, France 2019


"Art is the most effective communication mechanism ever invented"

A French artist of Venezuelan origin, Carlos Cruz-Diez has lived and worked in Paris since 1960. He is considered one of the main masters of optical and kinetic art, an artistic movement born in the 1950s that claims "awareness of the instability of reality"[1]. He is now considered one of the major thinkers on colour of the 20th century. His research has led to a new cognitive approach to the phenomenon of colour, considerably expanding its field of perception.


Carlos Cruz-Diez's plastic discourse is based on colour as an autonomous phenomenon that perpetually evolves in time and space. His works participate in four chromatic situations: subtractive, inductive, additive and reflected. His artistic research is made up of eight themes: Additive Colour, Physichromy, Chromatic Induction, Chromointerference, Transchromia, Chromosaturation, Chromoscope and Colour in Space. 


In all of Cruz-Diez's work the participation of the viewer is required: his eye and his movement are the activators. His works are above all experiences and events to be lived and experienced. 


Cruz-Diez's work has been exhibited in landmark events such as Bewogen Beweging at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam (1961) and The Responsive Eye at the Museum of Modern Art in New York (1965). He also represented Venezuela in 1970 at the XXXV Venice Biennale. His work is currently on display in prestigious collections around the world, including the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York, the Tate Modern in London, the Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, the Centre Pompidou in Paris, the Museum of Fine Arts in Houston and the Wallraf-Richartz Museum in Cologne. 



[1] Jean Clay, "La peinture est finie", Robho, n°1, 1967, n.p.